Forest Becomes Frontline – the Ecological Task Force and Conservation on war footing
今回はベルギーのゲント大学(Ghent University, Belgium )のAnwesha Dutta 氏からご報告いただきます。
We request your attendance at the meeting.
以下、詳細です。Its details are written below.
【日時/Date & Time】2018年9月22日 22nd September 2018, 15:30～18:00
【会場/Venue 】 東京外国語大学本郷サテライトキャンパス Hongo Satellite Campus, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (http://www.tufs.ac.jp/abouttufs/contactus/hongou.html)
【報告者/Speaker】 Anwesha Dutta (Doctoral Research Fellow, Ghent University, Belgium)
【題目/Title】 Forest Becomes Frontline – the Ecological Task Force and Conservation on war footing
Drawing on the Ecological Task Force (ETF) of the Indian Army, I expand on existing conceptual and theoretical views on green militarization in the context of poaching and national parks within the critical conservation literature, by applying it to the reserved forests (RFs) in the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District (BTAD) in Assam, northeast India.
Here, politics that surround conservation is immersed within a context of ethno-religious conflict. The BTAD has been a theatre of recurrent insurgencies between the autochthonous Bodo tribe and the Adivasi, Muslim groups over land and territory. A key characteristic of the conflict is its occurrence in the RFs on Assam-Bhutan borderlands, which can be traced back to the colonial process of forest making that brought immigrants into Assam, threatening cultural and territorial loss for Bodos. During the Bodo movement for a separate state, starting in 1980s and continuing, the militants operated from within the forest, leading to the departure of the forest department. As a result, rebels and locals appropriated the forest through rampant resource extraction. In response, the ETF was constituted in 2007.
Ethnographic fieldwork suggests that ETF is not engaged in counter-insurgency, and rely on the regular Army for protection for conservation operations. Drawing on regional environmental history, I analyze how ethno-religious conflict influences modes of conservation exemplified by continuing inter-institutional competition between the forest department and the ETF. Despite ETF’s efforts to buffer from local politics , incidents of a political nature seep into its operations, e.g. ambushed by militants during conservation activities.
【問い合わせ/Contact】 澤田彰宏/Akihiro SAWADA akisawadajp( at )gmail.com